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Civilization is far older than we have been led to believe and the wisdom from these ancient cultures may be the guidance we need through these times of extremes. We have been taught that we are all separate from each other and separate from the worlds around us. Now new scientific discoveries are confirming that we are all connected. But it is the discovery of very ancient civilizations which may deliver the shattering blow to accepted narratives on the origin of human civilization.
The Vikings are famous for their raids in Britain and Ireland, making places like Lindisfarne and York, Dublin and Wexford famous names for people into shows like Vikings on HBO and The Last Kingdom on the BBC/Netflix. But somewhere that doesn't get a lot of attention in the Viking Age is the Netherlands, known as Frisia during this time, even though they have a fascinating Viking Age History of their own from Holland to Friesland. In this video I'll be looking at how the Viking Age started in Frisia, what the situation was in the Low Countries in the Migration Era and the Frankish Conquest over King Redbad's pagan kingdom and how this spilled over into the Viking Age with Danish King Godfred's first raid on Dorestad in 810.
This video is being made in connection with the Leeuwarden Cultural Capital 2028 Project and is part of a series on the Viking Age in the Netherlands that will be hosted here on my channel History With Hilbert.
Music Kindly Provided By:
How Big Was Denmark In the Viking Age?
Related Videos of Mine:
Why Did the Viking Age Begin?
Why Didn't The Vikings Colonise North America?
The Netherlands, Holland & The Low Countries:
How to Tell Apart Dutch, Afrikaans & Frisian:
What is the Frisian Heart Sumbol?
The History of the Vikings in England:
The Frisians in Beowulf:
Why Did the Frisians Conquer Rome?
Viking Age Helmets:
Central Because Liminal: Frisia in a Viking Age North Sea World - Nelleke IJssennagger:
Luit van der Tuuk - De Friezen
Luit van der Tuuk - Noormannen in de Lage Landen
Nelleke IJssennagger & John Hines - Frisians and their North Sea Neighbours
Annals of St Bertin
Annals of Xanten
Annals of Fulda
Life of St Boniface
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Johan van Oldenbarnevelt was de founding father van de Nederlandse Republiek. Hij was raadpensionaris tijdens de Tachtigjarige Oorlog en slaagde erin de jonge republiek onafhankelijk te laten blijven. Hij was ook een voorvechter van vrijheid, wat hij uiteindelijk met de dood moest bekopen. Zijn nalatenschap leeft echter voort. Duik met FVD in onze fascinerende geschiedenis!
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Royal Dutch Shell PLC (LSE: RDSA, RDSB), commonly known as Shell, is an Anglo-Dutch oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom. It is one of the oil and gas "supermajors" and the third-largest company in the world measured by 2018 revenues (and the largest based in Europe). In the 2019 Forbes Global 2000, Shell was ranked as the ninth-largest company in the world (and the largest outside China and the United States), and the largest energy company. Shell was first in the 2013 Fortune Global 500 list of the world's largest companies; in that year its revenues were equivalent to 84% of the Dutch national $556 billion GDP.
Shell is vertically integrated and is active in every area of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining, transport, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading. It also has renewable energy activities, including biofuels, wind, energy-kite systems, and hydrogen. Shell has operations in over 70 countries, produces around 3.7 million barrels of oil equivalent per day and has 44,000 service stations worldwide. As of 31 December 2014, Shell had total proved reserves of 13.7 billion barrels (2.18×109 m3) of oil equivalent.Shell Oil Company, its principal subsidiary in the United States, is one of its largest businesses. Shell holds 50% of Raízen, a joint venture with Cosan, which is the third-largest Brazil-based energy company by revenues and a major producer of ethanol.
Shell was formed in 1907 through the amalgamation of the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company of the Netherlands and the "Shell" Transport and Trading Company of the United Kingdom. Until its unification in 2005 the firm operated as a dual-listed company, whereby the British and Dutch companies maintained their legal existence but operated as a single-unit partnership for business purposes. Shell first entered the chemicals industry in 1929. In 1970 Shell acquired the mining company Billiton, which it subsequently sold in 1994 and now forms part of BHP Billiton. In recent decades gas exploration and production has become an increasingly important part of Shell's business. Shell acquired BG Group in 2016, making it the world's largest producer of liquefied natural gas (LNG).
Shell has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. It had a market capitalisation of £216 billion at the close of trading on 27 June 2019, by far the largest of any company listed on the London Stock Exchange and among the highest of any company in the world. It has secondary listings on Euronext Amsterdam and the New York Stock Exchange. As of January 2013, Shell's largest shareholder was Capital Research Global Investors with 9.85% ahead of BlackRock in second with 6.89%.
Batavia, also called Batauia in the city's Malay vernacular, was the capital of the Dutch East Indies. The area corresponds to present-day Jakarta, Indonesia. Batavia can refer to the city proper or its suburbs and hinterland, the Ommelanden, which included the much-larger area of the Residency of Batavia in the present-day Indonesian provinces of Jakarta, Banten and West Java.
The founding of Batavia by the Dutch in 1619, on the site of the ruins of Jayakarta, led to the establishment of a Dutch colony; Batavia became the center of the Dutch East India Company's trading network in Asia. Monopolies on local produce were augmented by non-indigenous cash crops. To safeguard their commercial interests, the company and the colonial administration absorbed surrounding territory.
Batavia is on the north coast of Java, in a sheltered bay, on a land of marshland and hills crisscrossed with canals. The city had two centers: Oud Batavia (the oldest part of the city) and the relatively-newer city, on higher ground to the south.
It was a colonial city for about 320 years until 1942, when the Dutch East Indies was occupied by Japan during World War II. During the Japanese occupation and after Indonesian nationalists declared independence on 17 August 1945, the city was known as Jakarta. It was internationally known by its Dutch name until Indonesia achieved full independence in 1949, when the city was renamed Jakarta.